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Ancient coins of Bactria

Before Seleucid

Bactria: pre-Seleucid
Alexander the Great?
Silver Tetradrachm or Di-shekel, c. 328 BC

10.85 g., 22-25 mm.
Alexander? standing right in Persian dress,
with Indian long-bow/ Elephant right




Bactria: pre-Seleucid
Imitation of Athenian "owl"
Silver Tetradrachm, c. 320 BC

16.95 g., 23 mm.
Bust of Athena facing right
Owl standing right, crescent and olive sprig behind / Greek legend: AΘE (representing Athens)




Bactria: Pre-Seleucid
"Eagle" series
Silver hemidrachm, c. 315 BC

1.74 g., 11-12 mm.
Bust of Athena facing right
Eagle standing left, bunch of grapes above




Bactria: pre-Seleucid
Sophytes
Silver Drachm, late 4th century BC

3.79 g., 14 mm.
Helmeted bust of Sophytes facing right
Cock standing right, cadeucus behind / Greek legend: ΣΩΦYTOY (of Sophytes)



Bactria: pre-Seleucid
Sophytes
Silver Drachm, late 4th century BC

3.41 g., 16 mm.
Helmeted bust of Sophytes facing right
Cock standing right, cadeucus behind / Greek legend: ΣΩΦYTOY (of Sophytes)




Bactria: pre-Seleucid
Sophytes
Silver Diobol, late 4th century BC

0.95 g., 11 mm.
Helmeted bust of Athena facing right
Cock standing right, cadeucus behind / Greek legend: ΣΩΦYTOY (of Sophytes)




Bactria: pre-Seleucid
Anonymous
Silver Diobol, 4th century BC

0.98 g., 9 mm.
Forepart of a boar facing right
Bust of lion facing right




Arachosia
Arachosia
Imitation of Alexander III of Macedonia Silver Tetradrachm, 4th-3rd century BC

16.10 g., 26 mm.
Head of Herakles (Alexander ?) right, wearing lion head-dress, dotted border around
Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle in outstretched right hand, scepter in left hand




Arachosia
Arachosia
Imitation of Alexander III of Macedonia Silver Tetradrachm, 4th-3rd century BC

16.45 g., 26 mm.
Head of Herakles (Alexander ?) right, wearing lion head-dress, dotted border around
Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle in outstretched right hand, scepter in left hand



Seleucid

Seleucus I

 Bactria: Seleucid
Silver Tetradrachm, c. 290 BC
16.87 g., 26 mm.
Diademed, bearded bust of Zeus right
Athena driving elephant quadriga / Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY (of King Seleucus)




Bactria: Seleucid
Silver Obol, c. 290 BC
0.55 g., 9 mm.
Diademed, bearded bust of Zeus right
Athena driving elephant biga / Greek legend: ΣEΛEYKOY (of Seleucus)




Bactria: Seleucid
Silver drachm, c. 290 BC
4.22 g., 16-17 mm.
Bust of horned horse right
Seleucid anchor / Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY (of King Seleucus)



Bactria: Seleucid
Copper tetrachalkous, c. 290 BC.
16.14 g., 25 mm.
Bust of horned horse right
Seleucid anchor / Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY (of King Seleucus)




Bactria: Seleucid
Silver Tetradrachm, after 293 BC
Seleucus I with his viceroy Antiochus
16.83 g., 26 mm.
Bust of Hercules right, with lion head-dress
Zeus enthroned left, holding sceptre and eagle / Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY ΣEΛEYKOY (of King Antiochus Seleucus)



Antiochus I

 Antiochus I
Silver Tetradrachm, c. 270 BC
16.37 g., 25 mm.
Diademed, bust of Antiochus right
horned horsehead right / Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY (of King Antiochus)




Antiochus I
Silver Drachm, c. 270 BC
4.05 g., 16-17 mm.
Diademed, bust of Antiochus right
horned horsehead right / Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY (of King Antiochus)




Antiochus I
Silver Hemidrachm, c. 270 BC
2.06 g., 13 mm.
Diademed, bust of Antiochus right
horned horsehead right / Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY (of King Antiochus)




Antiochus I
Gold stater, c. 270 BC
8.46 g., 18 mm.
Diademed, bust of Antiochus right
Nude Apollo seated left on omphalos, leaning on bow with left hand, holding arrow in right hand / Greek legend: at right: BAΣIΛEΩΣ at left: ANTIOXOY (of King Antiochus),  Δ monogram of Ai-Khanoum in left field




Antiochus I
Silver tetradrachm, c. 270 BC
16.94 g., 26 mm.
Diademed, bust of Antiochus right
Nude Apollo seated left on omphalos, leaning on bow with left hand, holding arrow in right hand / Greek legend: at right: MHNOΣ ΞA // BAΣIΛEΩΣ above: ETEI, Δ monogram of Ai-Khanoum in left field




Antiochus I
Silver Tetradrachm, c. 270 BC
17.00 g., 25 mm.
Diademed, bust of Antiochus right
Nude Apollo seated left on omphalos, leaning on bow, and holding arrow in his right hand / Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY





Antiochus I
Silver drachm, c. 270 BC
4.12 g., 15 mm.
Diademed, bust of Antiochus right
Nude Apollo seated left on omphalos, leaning on bow,and holding arrow in his right hand / Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY




Antiochus I
Copper Dichalkon, c. 270 BC
8.45 g., 20-22 mm.
Three-quarter facing laureate head of Apollo
Nike raising a trophy / Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY (of King Antiochus)

 

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