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Postumus coins

260 - 269 Postumus remained Gallienus's nemesis for most of his reign and, with the aid of the traitor Aureolus, his eventual killer. Postumus came on the scene following a dispute with Saloninus over the distribution of captured war loot. Because Postumus was in command of the military, Saloninus had little to defend him except for his title and official recognition. Postumus had himself named emperor and captured and executed Saloninus sealing his fate with the rest of the empire. However, the rest of the empire could do little at the moment. Gallienus was embroiled with battling several usurpers out east and could not avenge his brother's death. Neither could Rome do anything about it. And so for the time being Postumus held the western half of the empire as de facto ruler. When Gallienus finally returned from the east he would find Postumus entrenched in Gaul and having snatched Britain and Spain away from the empire as well. Because his power had grown during Gallienus's absence, he had had time to consolidate his leadership and posed a bigger threat. However, for one reason or another, Postumus never made preparations to attack Rome or mount an offensive against Gallienus and contented himself with this secessionist state. But he knew Gallienus was mulling over his options all the meanwhile and had on his agenda the recapturing of the lost lands. Gallienus mounted several expeditions to depose Postumus but all failed. Still, Gallienus would most likely have ultimately been the ultimate victor had Postumus not gained the aid of one of Gallienus's trusted men, Aureolus, who engineered a successful conspiracy ending with the murder of Gallienus. Postumus would meet a deadly fate himself the following year following a revolt from within instigated by one of his own earlier leading generals, Laelianus, in a move very reminiscent of his own rise to power.

AU Aureus


RIC 276, CalicСѓ 3737, C 145 Aureus Obv: POSTVMVSPIVSAVG - Laureate head right.
Rev: INDVLGPIAPOSTVMIAVG - Postumus seated left, raising hand; kneeling citizen to left. 263-264 (Gaul). $37,000 1/12/05.




Unlisted Aureus Obv: POSTVMVSPIVSAVG - Laureate head right.
Rev: VOTPVBL - Postumus riding oncoming quadriga, holding branch, accompanied by Victory, holding palm; soldier on either side of horses. c.262 (Colonia Agrippinensis). $37,344 12/5/02.




Unlisted Aureus Obv: POSTVMVSPIVSAVG - Laureate head right.
Rev: DIANALVCIFERE - Diana advancing right, holding torch with both hands; dog to right. c.262-264 (Colonia Agrippinensis).



Antoninianus


RIC 54, C 243 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PMTRPCOSIIPP - Postumus standing left, holding globe and spear. 261 (Treveri). $135 8/1/03.




RIC 57, C 273a Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PMTRPIIIICOSIIIPP - Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy. 263 (Treveri).




RIC 58 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FELICITASAVG - Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.




RIC 64, C 91a Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: HERCDEVSONIENSI - Hercules standing right, resting hand on club and holding bow with lion's skin. 262 (Treveri). $31 2/12/05.




RIC 66 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: HERCDEVSONIENSI - Temple with four columns; Hercules standing within.




RIC 67 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: HERCPACIFERO - Hercules standing left, holding branch and club with lion's skin. $33 1/26/05.




RIC 73, S 3114, C 167 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LAETITIA Exe: AVG - Galley right. (Lugdunum).




RIC 75a, C 199 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped bust right.
Rev: MONETAAVG - Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia. $13 2/12/05.




RIC 76, S 3117, C 205 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: NEPTVNOREDVCI - Neptune standing left, holding dolphin and trident; galley prow to left. (Lugdunum).




RIC 83 (& 325), C 331 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SAECVLIFELICITAS - Postumus standing right, holding spear and globe. 266-267 (Colonia Agrippinensis). $76 2/12/05.




RIC 85, C 339 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVSAVG - Salus standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding rudder. 266-267 (Colonia Agrippinensis). $22 3/17/05.




RIC 87 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVSPROVINCIARVM - Rhine lying left, resting hand on boat prow and cradling anchor.




RIC 93, C 419a Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVSAVG - Virtus standing right, resting hand on shield . 262 (Treveri). $95 8/29/03.




RIC 208c, C 185 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LAETITIA Exe: AVG - Galley sailing left. c.266-267 (Lugdunum).




RIC 219, C 226 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PAXAVG - Pax advancing left, holding branch and scepter. (Lugdunum).




RIC 219a, C 225 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PAXAVG - Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter. (Lugdunum). $92 3/17/05.




RIC 221c, C 295a Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PROVIDENTIAAVG - Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter. $36 4/3/05.




RIC 234c, C 386 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIAAVG - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to left.




RIC 278c, C 158 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVISTATORI - Jupiter standing left, holding spear and thunderbolt. $36 5/19/02.




RIC 287c, C 31 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: COSIIII - Victory standing right, holding wreath and palm. 268 (Treveri). $27 4/24/05.




RIC 288c, C 32a Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: COSV - Victory standing right, holding wreath and palm.




RIC 291, Cunetio 2447, C 281 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PMTRPVIIIICOSIIIIPP - Bow, club and quiver. 268.




RIC 292, C 282 Antoninianus Obv: POSTVMVSAVG - Radiate bust left, holding club and wearing lion's skin.
Rev: PMTRPVIIIICOSIIIIPP - Bow, club and quiver. $500 9/19/01.




RIC 295c, C 285 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PMTRPXCOSVPP - Victory standing right, stepping on globe, holding shield reading VO/XX. 268 (Colonia Agrippinensis).




RIC 299, C 33 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: DIANAELVCIFERAE - Diana standing right, holding torch with both hands. 266 (Treveri).




RIC 309, C 159a Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVISTATORI - Jupiter standing, facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt. 268 (Treveri).




RIC 310, C 160 Antoninianus Obv: POSTVMVSAVG - Radiate bust left holding club and lion's head.
Rev: IOVISTATORI - Jupiter standing left, holding scepter and thunderbolt.




RIC 311, C 161a Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVIVICTORI - Jupiter standing right, aiming thunderbolt and holding shield. 268 (Colonia Agrippinensis). $45 8/29/03.




RIC 313c, C 192 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MERCVRIOFELICI - Mercury standing, facing, holding purse and caduceus. (Colonia Agrippinensis).




RIC 315c, C 199a Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MONETAAVG - Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia. 262-265 (Colonia Agrippinensis). 262-265 (Colonia Agrippinensis). $135 8/29/03.




RIC 316c, C 213c Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ORIENSAVG - Sol advancing left, raising hand and holding whip. 268 (Treveri). $27 3/7/05.




RIC 317c, Cunetio 2465, C 214b Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PACATORORBIS - Sol radiate, draped bust right. 269 (Trier).




RIC 318c, C 215 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PAXAVG - Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter. 268 (Treveri).




RIC 323, Schulzki 69, C 295a Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PROVIDENTIAAVG - Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter. 263-265 (Trier).




RIC 326c, C 336 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVSAVG - Aesculapius standing, facing, holding staff with snake coiled around; globe to lower right. 266 (Treveri).




RIC 327c, C 348 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVSEXERCITI - Aesculapius standing, facing, holding staff with snake coiled around; globe to lower right. (Colonia Agrippinensis).




RIC 328c, C 350 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuiraased bust right.
Rev: SALVSPOSTVMIAVG - Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake. 266 (Treveri). $121 1/26/05.




RIC 329c, C 360a Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SERAPICOMITIAVG - Serapis standing left, raising hand and holding scepter. c.267 (Colonia Agrippinensis).




RIC 330c, C 365 Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VBERTASAVG - Ubertas standing left, holding purse and cornucopia.




RIC 373, C 19a Antoninianus Obv: IMPPOSTVMVSAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDEQVIT Exe: S - Fortuna standing left, stepping on galley prow, holding patera and rudder on globe.



AR Denarius


Unlisted RIC, Elmer 583, Schulte 160 Denarius Obv: POSTVMVSPIVSFELIXAVG - Laureate busts left of Postumus (fore) and Hercules (background).
Rev: CASTOR - Castor holding scepter, riding horse right. $4,010 11/20/00.



AE Double Sestertius


RIC 106, Bastien 63, Elmer 213 Double Sestertius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PMTRPCOSIIPP - Postumus standing left, holding globe and spear. 261 $270 4/4/01.




RIC 113, C 262 Double Sestertius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PMTRPCOSIIIPP - Postumus standing left, holding globe and spear. c.264-267 (Colonia Agrippinensis).




RIC 123 Double Sestertius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FIDESMILITVM - Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Colonia Agrippinensis). $500 9/24/03.




RIC 134, C 99 Double Sestertius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: HERCDEVSONIENSI - Temple with four columns, Hercules standing within, resting hand on club and holding lion skin. c.264-265 (Colonia Agrippinensis).




RIC 135, C 106 Double Sestertius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: HERCPACIFERO - Hercules standing left, holding branch and club with lion skin. c.264-265 (Colonia Agrippinensis).




RIC 135v Double Sestertius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: HERCPACIFERO - Hercules standing left, holding branch and club with lion skin. [Unlisted obv. legend blunder]. c.264-265 (Colonia Agrippinensis). $23 1/26/05.




RIC 143c, C 179 Double Sestertius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LAETITIA Exe: AVG - Galley right.




RIC 169 Double Sestertius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIAAVG - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to left. 261 (Treveri). $595 2/1/05.




RIC 179, C 422 Double Sestertius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVSAVG - Virtus standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield. 261 (Treveri).



AE Sestertius


RIC 144v Sestertius Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPIVSFAVG - Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LAETITIAAVG Exe: SC - Galley right. 261 (Colonia Agrippinensis).




RIC 170 Sestertius Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIAAVG - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to left. 260-261 (Treveri).




RIC 172, C 387 Sestertius Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPIVSFAVG - Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIAAVG - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to left. c.261 (Treveri).




RIC 180, C 243 Sestertius Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVSAVG - Virtus standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield. c.261 (Treveri).



AE Dupondius


RIC 143, Bastien 87 Dupondius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LAETITIA Exe: AVG - Galley sailing left. 261 (Treveri).




RIC 188, C 252 Dupondius Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PMTRPCOSIIPP - Postumus standing left, holding globe and spear. c.261 (Treveri).




RIC 198, Bastien 302, C 86 Dupondius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: GERMANICVSMAXV - Trophy, seated captive on either side. c.261 (Treveri).



AE As


RIC 167 As Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG - Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIAAVG - Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield on palm; seated captive on either side.